This Week In Vexillology #238

I hate to reopen old wounds for US Soccer fans, but the field for the 2018 World Cup is officially set and looking at the list and cross referencing it with my 'lost' archives, I noticed there were six teams going to Russia that I had yet to tackle, so I thought I'd round out November and head into December with a double trifecta of Lost Weekends In Vexillology featuring teams that made it to Russia. (Just as an aside, if you're a USMNT fan still in need of some serious therapy/grief counseling, then I highly recommend the Men In Blazers Live Podcast 'What Happened'- it has some fun, but it also has a serious discussion about what happened and possible remedies/hopes for the future going forward.)

So let's begin with our first trifecta- Senegal, Nigeria and France! First up, Senegal:
Adopted August 20th, 1960 the flag of Senegal serves as the national flag and naval ensign for the country. In 1959, France melded Senegal together with the French Soudan to form the Mali Federation, which had a flag strikingly similar to this one, except with a stylized depiction of a human being in the center instead of a star. The Union between the two colonies didn't last long after independence and the two split to form Senegal and Mali.

The flag is dripping with symbolism. We see the traditional colors of the Pan-Africanist movement with the use of green, yellow and red- and the five points on the green star are said to recall the human ideogram from the flag of the Mali Federation, but the colors also have different meanings within Senegal itself. Green is highly symbolic to all the major religions of the country: In Islam, the main religion, the green of both the stripe and the star are said to represent the color of the Prophet. Christians see green as a sign of hope and Animists view it as a symbol of fecundity. Yellow is a symbol of wealth and the color of 'arts, literature and intellect' because literature teachers in Senegal I guess wear yellow blouses. Red is for the color blood, "therefore color of life and the sacrifice accepted by the nation, and also of the string determination to fight against underdevelopment." (See: the flag's Wiki-Page for more details.)

Next up, Nigeria:
Adopted on October 1st, 1960 as the national flag, what really kind of bums me out is that the original proposal for the flag of Nigeria looked like this:
But for reasons passing understanding, they removed the sun and just went with the plain white stripe and haven't changed it sense. Unlike Senegal's flag, which has permutations upon permutations of meaning, Nigeria keeps it simple, The green stripes represent Nigeria's natural wealth, and the white stripe represents peace. But what Nigeria lacks in symbolic complexity, they more than make up for with a plethora of variant flags including ensigns for their Air Force and Navy along with State and Civil Ensigns. They've also got flags for the President of Nigeria, the President as Commander in Chief of the armed forces, another Naval Ensign, a flag for the Nigerian Defence forces and the former flag of the President along with oodles of historical flags. I could probably do a whole series of posts on the many many flags of Nigeria- but if you want to check 'em out, get over to to the flag's Wiki-Page and check 'em out.

Finally, France:
The Tricolor that started them all, France has one of the most iconic flags in the world today as well as a flag with an incredibly complex history. Originally adopted with the colors reversed in 1790 the design was tweaked and the current order of blue-white-red was adopted in 1794. The Royal Flag came back after Napoleon for the Bourbon restoration of 1815-1830 but after the July Revolution of 1830, it's been the Triocolor ever since.

The symbolism gets a bit muddled as well. The historical roots seem to be well-established: the Paris Militia wore cockades of red and blue when they stormed the Bastille in 1789 and Lafayette added a white stripe to the cockade to 'nationalize' the design a bit and break up the revolutionary colors somewhat- though many identified the white with being associated with the Monarchy and some people assumed the red and white were a reference to the red and white livery of the Duc d'Orleans. As factionalism began to grow in the first revolutionary period, monarchists started flying white flags and Jacobins and Socialists red ones and the combination of the two colors with the blue came to be seen as a symbol to transcend factional fight and represent France itself.

Or, if you want the official government version: white stood for the King, while blue and red were the colors of Paris. (Another one sentence explanation: blue is for liberte, white for egalite and red for fraternite incorporating all three elements of the revolutionary motto.) If you want to do a deep dive into the history of the Tricolor, head over to the flag's Wiki-Page and jump down the rabbit hole.

Thus ends our first trifecta of countries bound for Russia 2018 next year...  we'll be off next week for the holiday, but back the first Saturday of December to tackle the next trifecta: Colombia, Belgium and Switzerland. Until next time, keep your flags flying- FREAK or otherwise!


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